What Causes Acne In Puberty?

teenage girl with acne

What is acne?

Acne is a skin condition that is caused by the clogging of hair follicles around the human body. There are many reasons which contribute to the clogging of hair follicles such as the overproduction of oil in the skin and follicles. It can also be referred to as pimples, blackheads, or whiteheads which can occur on the face, chest, and back area.

The excess sebum clogs up the pores and leads to blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and bacterial infection getting deposited. The main cause of acne is hormones, which trigger the production of sebum in the skin. Other factors that contribute to acne include genetics, stress, diet, and bacteria.

There are many reasons which are contributing to acne during the puberty

  1. Hormonal changes: During puberty, the body undergoes significant hormonal changes, which can cause an increase in the production of androgens in both boys and girls. Androgens stimulate the sebaceous glands in the skin to produce more Sebum, which clogs up the pores and leads to acne.
  2. Bacteria: The skin is home to many types of bacteria, including acne-causing bacteria. When excess oil and dead skin cells accumulate in the pores, it creates an environment that is favorable for the growth of bacteria. These bacteria can then cause inflammation and further clog the pores, leading to the development of acne.
  3. Genetics: Some people are genetically inclined to develop acne. It is common that if some other family members have had acne, it’s more likely that an individual will also develop it.
  4. Environmental factors such as pollution and humidity promote acne as pollution can clog the skin and cause acne.

Preventing Acne

If you are facing acne problems in your puberty, it’s likely because of hormonal changes. Hormones play a role in regulating sebum production as the hormones rise, sebum production also rises. This leads to increased oil production and clogged pores. It is suggested to increase water intake.

Best available options for treating acne?

Using tretinoin cream: Tretinoin is the best available option for treating regular acne. Products like Retino A Cream are available at a great price and give fast results compared with using only a face wash to prevent the further spread of acne. It is sometimes prescribed with Diane 35 like hormonal tablets to prevent acne with girls having rough hormonal imbalances.