Contraception refers to methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. There are several different types of contraception available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common types of contraception include:
- Barrier methods, such as condoms and diaphragms, which physically block the sperm from reaching the egg.
- Hormonal methods, such as the birth control pill and contraceptive injections, alter the levels of hormones in the body to prevent ovulation
- Long-acting reversible methods, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants, provide long-term contraception without the need for daily attention.
- Fertility awareness methods, which involve tracking a woman’s menstrual cycle and identifying the fertile days in order to avoid intercourse during that time
- Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control that prevents the sperm from reaching the egg, such as vasectomy for men and tubal ligation for women.
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